£10.4bn alternate deal between Australia and UK signed

the uk has signed a change contract with Australia creating new work and shuttle opportunities for Brits and Australians.

The deal was ‘agreed in precept’ in June, and negotiators have now finalised all chapters of the agreement. The last deal become signed in a digital ceremony via foreign alternate Secretary Anne-Marie Trevelyan MP on Friday morning and may now be laid within the UK Parliament for a length of scrutiny.

The deal is expected to unlock £10.4bn of further alternate, boosting the economy and increasing wages throughout the united kingdom, whereas getting rid of tariffs on most UK exports.

The deal establishes suggestions guaranteeing the reasonable treatment for UK investors, enhanced legal certainty to limit discriminatory medicine and reduces the risks linked to investment decisions. it’ll additionally permit younger americans to work and commute in Australia for up to 3 years at a time, doing away with old visa situations.

additionally, UK provider suppliers together with architects, scientists, researchers, lawyers and accountants could have entry to visas to work in Australia devoid of being discipline to Australia’s professional occupation checklist. this is greater than Australia has ever offered some other nation in a free alternate contract.

The deal also eliminates tariffs on UK exports, making it more affordable for Australian importers to promote British products like vehicles, Scotch whisky and UK trend. Australian items like Jacob’s Creek and Hardys wines, Tim Tams and surfboards can be extra purchasable for British patrons.

The deal is additionally a gateway into the Indo-Pacific area and may, it’s expected, boost the united kingdom’s bid to join CPTPP, one of the crucial greatest free change areas on earth, overlaying £8.4trl of GDP and eleven Pacific countries from Australia to Mexico.

overseas exchange Secretary Anne-Marie Trevelyan MP mentioned:  “Our UK-Australia change deal is a landmark second in the historical and vital relationship between our two commonwealth international locations.

“This settlement is tailored to the united kingdom’s strengths, and gives you for groups, families, and buyers in every part of the united kingdom – assisting us to stage up. we will proceed to work collectively in addressing shared challenges in world trade, climate trade and technological alterations within the years forward.

“nowadays we show what the united kingdom can obtain as an agile, independent sovereign trading nation. this is just the start as we get on the front foot and seize the seismic opportunities that look ahead to us on the realm stage.”

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How Russia tries to censor Western social media

by way of Andrei Zakharov and Ksenia ChurmanovaBBC Russian

Vladimir Putin examines an iPhone in the company of spokesman Dmitri Peskov (right) and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (left)

image supply, Getty photographs graphic caption,

President Vladimir Putin examines an iPhone

Google and Meta face the chance of multi-million-greenback fines for failing to delete content that the Russian executive considers unlawful – however a close analyze courtroom papers exhibits these are often quite simply posts about protests in help of jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny.

in the summer of 2018, a Russian poet writing below the pseudonym Siberian Viking posted a sketch on his fb account. It confirmed the double-headed eagle of the Russian coat of hands, with the bird’s heads changed by faces of President Vladimir Putin and the then-top minister, Dmitri Medvedev.

Alongside it turned into a short poem, alleging that the eagle changed into twice as greedy as others, lied twice as lots and carried out surveillance with 4 eyes. It ended with an emotional cry: “When will Russians awaken to remove this contagion?”

The Russian government told fb to eliminate the submit on account of its “blatant disrespect against the state, the constitution and the president of the Russian Federation”. facebook didn’t comply, and the publish featured in one of greater than 60 complaints launched in opposition t Western social media in Russia this yr, leading to fines of more than $2m.

it be no longer clear how many of the fines have really been paid. however the instances highlight the problem of operating in a country where restrictions are placed on freedom of speech and political recreation – most mainly the ruling in June this 12 months that the Anti-Corruption foundation headed by means of jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny is an “extremist” organization, on a par with the Taliban or the Islamic State neighborhood.

in accordance with the head of media regulator Roskomnadzor, Andrei Lipov, social media corporations are obliged to find and remove “the most bad issues”, which he listed in an interview with the Kommersant newspaper as “baby pornography, suicide, drugs, extremism and fake news”.

but an in depth examination of the more than 600 posts listed in court docket lawsuits against Google, fb, Instagram and Twitter displays that just nine challenge newborn abuse or medicine, and most effective 12 seek advice from suicide. The overwhelming majority are calls to attend pro-Navalny demonstrations.]]>

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“Neither Roskomnadzor nor the Kremlin wishes to say that Russia has political censorship,” says Sarkis Darbinian, a prison skilled at freedom-of-speech power community Roskomsvoboda. Commenting on the emphasis placed on child insurance plan in reputable statements, he says: “To explain to the huge masses why this fight is imperative, they make the most the tears of a baby.”

Roskomnadzor, the media regulator, did not respond to the BBC’s request for comment, however President Putin’s press spokesman has in the past pointed out that movements taken against social media companies are not censorship, but simply attempts to implement Russian legislation.

Short presentational grey line

pressure on social media companies dates lower back to 2015, when a legislations got here into drive obliging them to save the own facts of Russian users on Russian territory and giving the executive the energy to best them, or shut them down, for no longer doing so. none of the Western groups have complied, which ended in the closure of LinkedIn in 2016. Google, Meta and Twitter have jointly been fined more than $600,000 given that the delivery of 2020.

It become in 2016 that requests from the Russian executive to Google to eliminate videos from YouTube and to dam certain search results started to abruptly enhance. The company’s transparency studies display that over the ultimate 10 years it has got extra such requests from Russia than the rest of the world combined – Google says a third of them relate to “country wide safety”.]]>

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like the other Western businesses, Google complies with some Russian requests however now not with others.

Efforts to handle the unfold of undesirable advice on social media accelerated additional in early 2021, after the return of Alexei Navalny to Russia from sanatorium in Germany, where he had been treated for poisoning with the chemical weapon Novichok.

Alexei Navalny returns from Germany after recovering from Novichok poisoning

image source, Getty pictures

Navalny was immediately arrested, leading to unsanctioned protests in Moscow, St Petersburg and different cities, which supporters largely advertised on social media.

This brought on irritated complaints from Roskomnadzor. The posts have been straight away removed from the third most customary social network in Russia, VKontakte (or VK.com), owned at that factor with the aid of oligarch Alisher Usmanov, the previous Arsenal football club shareholder.

but Western social networks had been much less accommodating, so Roskomnadzor all started taking them to court docket and fining them.

Its subsequent step, in March, changed into to slow down site visitors on Twitter, for its refusal to delete these and different posts. photos and video clips, in particular, became slower to load.]]>

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And later within the 12 months it persuaded Google and Apple to eradicate from their outlets a tactical balloting app, designed to aid Navalny sympathisers unite in the back of a single candidate in local elections, thereby maximising the probability of defeating the candidate of the ruling United Russia celebration.

the head of Navalny’s team, Ivan Zhdanov, denounced the groups for what he described as “a shameful act of political censorship”.

He later tweeted a part of a letter from Apple, which brought up that prosecutors had talked about the app became enabling illegal “interference in elections” and that media regulator Roskomnadzor had warned the enterprise that it became merchandising an “extremist corporation”.

The BBC requested to interview Apple, Google, Meta and Twitter, however Google and Twitter declined to remark, and Apple and Meta failed to reply.

Short presentational grey line

Roskomnadzor claims some success in getting posts deleted, as neatly because the voting app.

In may additionally it in part reversed the action taken to slow down Twitter, claiming that the company had deleted 91% of a list of 5,900 tweets. Now or not it’s most effective on cell information superhighway gadgets that photos and movies on Twitter continue to load slowly.

Tweets that Twitter deletes after being fined for refusing to accomplish that are frequently best deleted for Russian users – they just about at all times remain seen to users outdoor the country.

one of the vital tweets outlined in court files become a quote-tweet sent in January with the aid of a young activist called Alexei, relaying assistance about a pro-Navalny protest deliberate for the following Saturday in Nizhny Novgorod – a city on the Volga River, east of Moscow.

as the metropolis’s authorities hadn’t accredited the demonstration, Alexei selected his words cautiously, describing the place as “the area you should not go”. He delivered, “Putin definitely would not need you to go there, so do not!”

however the irony wasn’t satisfactory to stop Roskomnadzor taking Twitter to courtroom, and Twitter finally deleted the tweet.

Now, for Russian clients, this tweet has been replaced by means of a message in English explaining that the message “has been withheld in Russia according to a criminal demand.”

Message from Twitter saying that a tweet has been withdrawn

somewhere else in the world, the tweet nonetheless looks as common.

Alexei says he hadn’t been advised that his tweet turned into being withdrawn, and handiest realised when he was contacted via the BBC. He expressed surprise that the normal tweet about the protest – the one he retweeted – turned into still visible.

by contrast Alexander, a political activist within the town of Kostroma, north-west of Moscow, did get a message when his tweet a few Navalny protest became removed. His VK.com post on the identical subject additionally vanished, however youngsters fb contacted him to assert the authorities had complained about his publish on that network, sooner or later they didn’t get rid of it.]]>

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Meta, the parent enterprise of facebook and Instagram, does delete some content material, although.

in the first half of 2021, it eliminated 1,800 items of content on facebook or Instagram, at the request of Russian authorities. In its transparency document the enterprise categorized half of those as “items concerning extremism”. It failed to say how repeatedly it had refused the government’s requests.

Google’s transparency document additionally notes that it has deleted content material – both search effects, or YouTube video clips – following objections from the Russian authorities. besides the fact that children it now complies with more of these requests than in the past. only eight% have been rejected within the first half of 2021, down from 50% in the identical length of 2019.

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Andrei Lipov

image supply, Getty imagesAndrei Lipov, the forty two-12 months-historic head of Roskomnadzor, is likely one of the authors of the “sovereign web” policy, designed to make the Russian cyber web independent of the world information superhighway, and to steer clear of it being switched off from outdoorDeveloped in 2019, it additionally includes a brand new gadget for limiting and blocking site visitors with the help of Deep Packet Inspection (DPI), a way of inspecting information flowing during the webIt was this tool that made feasible the slowing down of Twitter in March 2021

Presentational grey line

Russia has the technical means to dam the operations of the social media organizations, and laws that might give a justification.

They can also be legally blocked for not storing the own records of Russian users in Russia, or for refusing to delete dangerous content material – and from next year it may be feasible to block them for now not having an workplace within the country. thus far best Google has one (though the company describes it as a “prison entity” rather than an office).

YouTube is at present being threatened with being blocked in return for shutting down channels used by using the Kremlin-funded RT information outlet in Germany.

however at the end of remaining yr, Russia also brought new greater penalties for failure to delete unlawful content, and in court docket circumstances because of take area on 24 December both Google and Meta face a possible satisfactory of up to 10% of their annual revenue in Russia.

“This motivates the platforms,” Roskomnadzor boss Andrei Lipov instructed Kommersant. “We have not yet resorted to these fines, however we will.”

Meta has no longer disclosed its Russian salary, however Google’s last year became at the least $1bn, opening a way to a probable satisfactory of $100m in its case.

A former Roskomnadzor reliable, who requested not to be named, instructed the BBC these new fines allow the Russian authorities to hit the Western corporations the place it hurts. And he says he is certain they are going to.

Australia opens up trip bubble with South Korea as the nation signals a $1BILLION defence contend with journeying president

Australia opens up trip bubble with South Korea as the nation signals a $1BILLION defence cope with traveling presidentSouth Korean President Moon Jae-in arrived Canberra on Monday for consult withHe became greeted via Scott Morrison and officers signed a number of agreementsIn a press conference after signings, Mr Morrison introduced travel bubbleutterly vaccinated South Koreans can be able to enter Australia with out quarantine

through Charlie Moore, Political Reporter For every day Mail Australia

published: 00:50, 13 December 2021 | updated: 02:fifty three, 13 December 2021

Scott Morrison has confirmed a quarantine-free commute bubble with South Korea will beginning on Wednesday.

thoroughly vaccinated South Koreans could be in a position to enter Australia for the primary time for the reason that March 2020 when the borders closed in try to keep out coronavirus. 

The bubble arrangement, which additionally applies to Japan, became delayed via two weeks from December 1 as a precautionary measure in gentle of the new Omicron variant of Covid.

The prime Minister welcomed South Korean President Moon Jae-in to Parliament condo on Monday

Mr Morrison introduced the bubble in a press conference alongside South Korean President Moon Jae-in at Parliament residence after the international locations signed a $1billion defence deal.

He referred to some 20,000 Korean college students a 12 months study in Australia. 

‘we’re anticipating welcoming them again as we are the many tourist and enterprise visitors and skilled migrants and on Wednesday of this week we can again flow forward,’ he spoke of.

President Moon visited Parliament residence on Monday to mark the 60th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Australia and South Korea. 

He said he hopes the shuttle bubble ‘will cause extra active trade and financial revitalisation.’ 

under the historical defence deal, Korean enterprise Hanwha will give 30 self-propelled howitzer artillery weapons, 15 ammunition give motors and radars to discover enemy artillery.

best Minister Scott Morrison and South Korean President Moon Jae-in pose for pictures forward of a bilateral meeting at Parliament residence

it is the greatest defence contract struck between Australia and an Asian nation.

the brand new motors may be in a position to right away fireplace and flow to stay away from enemy counterattacks.

Defence Minister Peter Dutton touted the deal as a boost for Australian firepower and safety within the Indo-Pacific.

‘(It) is one of a number of projects so one can modernise the Australian military, ensuring it continues to hold a potential capabilities now, and into the long run,’ he talked about.

‘we are committed to protecting our location protected while preserving our pastimes in a rapidly altering international ambiance.’

The deal is expected to create at the least 300 jobs within the more suitable Geelong vicinity, where the manufacturing facility could be based. building is because of start in 2022.

Mr Morrison mentioned the connection persisted to develop, underpinned via exchange, shared values, ordinary regional strategic pastimes and a dedication to an open, inclusive and prosperous Indo-Pacific location.

major Minister Scott Morrison with spouse Jenny pose for images with South Korean President Moon Jae-in and wife Kim Jung-sook at Parliament apartment

‘Our finished strategic partnership with the Republic of Korea is underpinned by using our joint dedication to defence and security cooperation,’ Mr Morrison mentioned.

Mr Moon is the first foreign leader to seek advice from Australia given that borders reopened.

Australia has comprehensive strategic partnerships, or their equivalents, already with ASEAN, China, Fiji, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, and Papua New Guinea.

South Korea is Australia’s fourth-biggest buying and selling partner and fourth-largest export market below a free change contract that has been in force seeing that December 2014.

both countries also signed offers on essential minerals and low emissions know-how. 

President Moon is pushing for a region-vast partnership to boost the construction and distribution of hydrogen, which through 2050 is anticipated to account for 13 to 18 per cent of world power.

With AAP 

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